Today's Zagreb has grown out of two medieval settlements that for centuries developed on neighbouring hills. The first written mention of the city dates from 1094, when a diocese was founded on Kaptol, while in 1242, neighbouring Gradec was proclaimed a free and royal city. Both the settlements were surrounded by high walls and towers, remains of which are still preserved.
In the 19th century the population increased tenfold. The twentieth century brought the Secession style to Zagreb. The city lived in the plenty of a civil society, with firm links with all the central European centres. With an increase in wealth and industry from the 1960s on, the city spread out over the wide plains alongside the Sava River, where a new, contemporary business city has develop.
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Things to do
Culture- The treasures of history are kept and exhibited in the museums of Zagreb. Apart from objects related to the history of the city, the Zagreb museums and art collections possess exhibits from the whole world round of very considerable historical and artistic value.
The Museum of Broken Relationships (an unavoidable sight in your exploration of Zagreb and a unique emotional journey around the world through hundreds of love break-ups) and the Museum of Contemporary Art were the most popular museums in last year.
Activities- Zagreb's Funicular is the shortest cable car in the world, only 66 meters long. It has been transporting the citizens of Zagreb between the Upper and Lower Towns for the last century. If you wish to enjoy a unique panorama of Zagreb – including Kaptol, Gradec, the Upper and Lower Town, you can now do it from the Zagreb Eye, a viewing point in the heart of the city. It is located on the 16th floor of the skyscraper on Ilica 1, at Ban Josip Jelačić Square, and it spreads across 300 square metres.
Nature- Zagreb is a city full of greenery and some of nature's wonders. You can find green parks and fountains, avenues of trees and flowers starting with Zrinjevac in the town centre. The series of parks go from the town center down to the railway station, through the botanical gardens and up to Marulić and Tito Square, where the theatre stands. This complex of parks in central Zagreb are known as the Lenucci horseshoe because of the shape they form and the name of the landscape gardener who planned them. They are well provided with benches where you can rest from sightseeing and plan the next thing you want to do. Do not forget to visit Roko's Promenade, the quietest corner, which is located close to Ilica. After this, continue walking through Dubravka road deep into a forest. It is here that you will experience the stark contrast between city and complete serenity- it truly is a magical experience.
Sweet Tooth- If you are looking for the best ice cream in all of Zagreb, you must visit the candy shop, Ivica & Marica. Another prime location to get a scoop of delicious ice cream is the candy shop on Maksimir Street, Orient. We should also mention the famous patisserie Vincek Ilica, which has been a staple on the list of many tourists.
For some of the best cakes and baked goods in the city, visit the pastry shop Cukeraj located at the British square, where you will experience a homely atmosphere. If you really enjoy cakes, you must visit the following pastry shops: Amelie, Le Kolač, TORTE I to, Slatka priča and The Cookie Factory.